In the hottest quarter, the operation of China's t

2022-09-29
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In the first quarter, the operation of China's textile industry remained stable

I. Basic operation

(I) production increased steadily and clothing output decreased. In 2012, the industrial sales output value of textile enterprises above designated size was 729.7 billion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 13.2%. Industrial added value increased by 12.6% year-on-year. Yarn output was 4.44 million tons, an increase of 12.5% year-on-year; The cloth production was 9billion meters, with a year-on-year increase of 15.3%; The output of chemical fiber was 5.72 million tons, with a year-on-year increase of 15.3%; The output of clothing was 3.8 billion pieces, with a year-on-year decrease of 4.9%, of which the output of woven clothing decreased by 2.4% year-on-year, and the output of knitted clothing decreased by 7.5% year-on-year compared with that of AAMA 501 ⑼ 4, the experimental method of outer window curtain wall

(II) exports decreased slightly, and the growth rate of domestic sales slowed down. In August 2012, China's textile and clothing exports reached 31.2 billion US dollars, a year-on-year decrease of 2.6%, of which textile exports fell by 2.6% and clothing exports fell by 2.5%. Monthly retail sales of clothing, shoes and hats, knitwear and textiles of enterprises (units) above the designated size 1 the demand for medical high molecular materials, bioceramics, medical metals and other materials will increase significantly by 72.6 billion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 12.8%, and the growth rate is 9.4 percentage points lower than that of the same period last year

(III) profits have fallen and losses have increased rapidly. In 2012, the main business income of textile enterprises above designated size was 726.2 billion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 19.6%; The total profit was 33.4 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 2.3%. Among them, the profit of cotton spinning and yarn processing industry decreased by 5.1% year-on-year, and the profit of chemical fiber manufacturing industry decreased by 52.4% year-on-year. In June, the number of loss making enterprises of textile enterprises above designated size increased by 35.5% year-on-year, and the total loss of loss making enterprises increased by 95.9% year-on-year. Among them, the number of loss making enterprises in the chemical fiber manufacturing industry increased by 91.1% year-on-year, and the total loss of loss making enterprises increased by 404.3% year-on-year

Second, the main problems faced

(first, Huaibei City has also increased its efforts to attract investment and intelligence) the reduction in international market demand has affected export growth. The European debt crisis has continued to escalate, and the instability and uncertainty of the world economic recovery have increased. As a major consumer in the international market, LANXESS's total investment in Antwerp has exceeded 300million euros. The recovery of developed economies such as the United States and Europe is weak, the unemployment rate remains high, and consumer confidence is low. These factors restrict the demand of developed economies for China's textile and clothing products. In June, China's textile and clothing exports to the EU fell by 12.7% year-on-year, and exports to developed countries and regions such as Canada, Australia, South Korea, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan also fell year-on-year. Although exports to the United States and Japan increased, the growth rate fell by 0.8 and 6.4 percentage points year-on-year respectively

(II) the price difference between domestic and foreign cotton is large, which affects the international competitiveness of the textile industry. Since this year, the price of cotton has remained at about 19500 yuan/ton, about 3000 yuan/ton higher than the price of imported cotton. The large price difference between domestic and foreign cotton not only increases the burden of cotton textile enterprises, but also reduces the competitive advantage of the whole textile industry in the international market. In June, due to the low international cotton price, the unit price of imported cotton yarn decreased by 15.1%, and the number of imported cotton yarn increased by 26.2%, while the number of exported cotton yarn decreased by 19.3% year-on-year, and the number of exported cotton clothing decreased by 16.2% year-on-year

(III) difficult and expensive financing increases the burden on enterprises. The textile industry, which has a large number of small and medium-sized enterprises, is not only facing financing difficulties, but also facing the problem of expensive financing. Most small and medium-sized textile enterprises have poor financing channels and are difficult to get credit support. However, enterprises that get credit support have to face problems such as floating interest rates in banks, adopting acceptance bills, difficulty in obtaining loans in full, and too short loan cycle. The interest rate ultimately borne by enterprises is generally 10% to 30% higher than the benchmark interest rate

III. trend judgment in the first half of 2012

although the current problems are relatively serious, with the support of various national policies, the textile industry can continuously improve its anti risk ability and labor production efficiency through structural adjustment, transformation and upgrading, and the industry can still maintain stable development. In February 2012, the industrial sales output value of the textile industry increased by 28.3% year-on-year, the export delivery value increased by 15.9% year-on-year, and the industrial added value increased by 25.1% year-on-year. There was a rebound in both quantity and quality. It is expected that the production of the textile industry will continue to maintain a steady growth in March, and exports are expected to stop falling and rebound. Supported by the growth of the domestic market and the slow recovery of the international market, it is expected that production, sales and exports will maintain a relatively stable development in the first half of the year

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